Ich erweise dem Verehrung, der acht Arten von Reliquien offenbarte. Dieser gab ihm den Namen Ratnashri. Quelle: www. In Kapilavastu nahmst du Gopa zur Frau: 14 wunschgebete unter dem bodhibaum Dir, dem keiner in den Drei Welten gleicht, erweise ich meine Ehrerbietung. An den vier Toren der Stadt zeigte man dir die vier Arten von Leiden und vor der Vishuddha-Stupa hast du dir deine Haare abgeschnitten. Quellen: en. Auflage , S. Durch die Kraft dieses Gebets, strebend zum Edlen Handeln, erscheinen all die Siegreichen lebhaft hier in meinem Geist.
So werde ich handeln, ohne je zu ermatten, Meere von Zeitaltern hindurch! Lass meine Bodhisattva-Handlungen grenzenlos sein!
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Download "Wunschgebete unter dem Bodhibaum". Please copy and paste this embed script to where you want to embed Embed Script. All seemed to go reasonably well in his next role, as Episcopalian priest beginning in , until an extramarital affair resulted in his young wife having their marriage annulled.
It also resulted in Watts leaving the ministry by In the spring of he moved westward to California, where he joined the faculty of the American Academy of Asian Studies, in San Francisco. Hasegawa, in particular, served as a teacher to Watts in the areas Japanese customs, arts, primitivism, and perceptions of nature.
Always an avid and self-directed learner, Watts studied written Chinese and practiced Chinese brush calligraphy with Hasegawa. While Watts was noted for an interest in Zen Buddhism, with its origins in China, his reading and discussions delved into Vedanta, "the new physics", cybernetics, semantics, process philosophy, natural history, and the anthropology of sexuality.
After heading up the Academy for a few years, Watts left the faculty for a freelance career in the mid s. In he published one of his best known books, The Way of Zen , which focused on philosophical explication and history.
Besides drawing on the lifestyle and philosophical background of Zen, in India and China, Watts introduced ideas drawn from semantics and cybernetics Norbert Wiener's early work on cybernetics had been recently published. Watts offered analogies from cybernetic principles possibly applicable to the Zen life.
The book sold well, eventually becoming a modern classic, and helped widen his lecture circuit. Around this time, Watts toured parts of Europe with his father, meeting the renowned psychiatrist Carl Jung. In relation to modern psychology, Watts' instincts were closer to Jung's or Abraham Maslow's than to those of Freud. When he returned to the U. Oscar Janiger. He soon tried LSD several times with various research teams led by Drs.
For a time, Watts came to prefer writing in the language of modern science and psychology Psychotherapy East and West is a good example , finding a parallel between mystical experiences and the theories of the material universe proposed by twentieth-century physicists. He later equated mystical experience with ecological awareness, and emphasized whichever approach seemed best suited to the audience he was addressing.
In certain ways, Watts' philosophy was similar to that of Hegel, except that Watts emphasized feelings instead of understandings alone, and as time went on Watts more and more sought practical and everyday applications for his outlook. Some people who knew him said Watts was one of the best conversationalists they had ever known, while others enjoyed his playfulness.
Though never affiliated for long with any one academic institution, he did have a fellowship for a couple of years at Harvard University. He also lectured to many college and university students. His lectures and books gave Watts far-reaching influence on the American intelligentsia of the ss.
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But Watts was often seen as an outsider in academia. While some college and university professors found his writing and lectures interesting, others said things like: "He's not really a scholar of Eastern philosophy. He's not that disciplined. Alan Watts doesn't teach Eastern philosophy, he teaches 'Alan Watts'.
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Watts often alluded to or wrote about a group of neighbors in Druid Heights near Mill Valley, California , who had used physical effort along with architecture, gardening, and carpentry skills to make a beautiful and comfortable life for themselves. He was clearly impressed with what human creativity and commitment could achieve. Regarding his intentions, it can be argued that Watts like his fellow expat and British friend, Aldous Huxley attempted to lessen ill will, and simple embarrassment at being human.
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He felt this teaching could improve the world. He also articulated the possibilities for greater incorporation of aesthetics for example: better architecture, more art, more fine cuisine in American life. In his writings of the s, Watts expressed what the zen-type inner experience might lead to on the personal level - more spontaneity, a more relaxed attitude, and generally being more fully human.
He also conveyed his admiration for the practicality in the historical achievements of Chan or Zen in the Far East, for it had fostered farmers, architects, builders, folk physicians, artists, and administrators among the monks who had lived in the monasteries of its lineages. In his mature work, it becomes clear that Watts was not especially committed to the Zen Buddhism with which he tended to be identified in the popular mind, but saw himself as Taoist in spirit, and was very interested in "civilizing" and making more humane the post-Christian industrial culture of the modern West.
Child rearing, the arts, cuisine, education, law and freedom, architecture, sexuality, and the uses and abuses of technology were all of great interest to him. In his writings, Watts alluded to his own political shift from Republican conservatism to a more open-minded legal and political outlook. However, his opinions did not lean to the political left.
He was more libertarian, distrusting both the left and right. He disliked much in the conventional idea of "progress". He hoped for change, but he preferred amiable, semi-isolated rural social enclaves, and also believed in tolerance for urban tenderloins, social misfits, and weirdo artists. Like J. Tolkien, Watts hated the suburbanization of the countryside and the way of life that went with it. In one campus lecture tour, which Watts titled "The End to the Put-Down of Man," Watts presented positive images for both nature and humanity, spoke in favor of the various stages of human growth including the teenage years , reproached excessive cynicism and rivalry, and extolled intelligent creativity, good architecture and food.
He advocated social rather than personal ethics an emphasis which, perhaps, led to problems in his own relationships. In his writings, Watts was increasingly concerned with ethics applied to relations between humanity and the natural environment and between governments and citizens. He wrote out of an appreciation of a racially and culturally diverse social landscape. At the same time, he favored representative government rather than direct democracy which he felt could readily degenerate into a mobocracy.
He often said that he wished to act as a bridge between the ancient and the modern, between East and West, and between culture and nature. Watts led some tours for Westerners to the Buddhist temples of Japan. Watts lived his later years at times on a houseboat in San Francisco Bay and at times in a secluded cabin at Mt.
He struggled increasingly with alcohol addiction, which probably shortened his life. He died at home, while asleep next to his third wife, in at the age of Alan Watts was a popular post-modern philosophical writer. His writing reflects the fact that he sought liberation from the bounds of the culture and psychology he had inherited in Britain. Despite the intellectual opportunities he knew had been afforded by the schools he had attended in childhood, he felt the general cultural influence particularly the religious ideas had been restrictive and repressive.
He believed Christendom, as a culture, had developed through the centuries in a way that had not fully accepted human nature, and therefore often stifled people and set them at odds with nature, rather than effectively teaching them to discipline themselves. Although Watts had a lifelong interest in things extraordinaire parapsychology, mysticism, thaumaturgy, and the lives of saints, spiritual giants, and religious geniuses , he saw himself as an ordinary person: a good thinker and public speaker, an accomplished writer, to be sure, but neither heroic nor powerful in the sense of wealth and fame.
He was convinced that a human being is an expression of God to use a Western word. In accordance, he developed a philosophy for the ordinary person of the industrialized world — a world that was too often rushed and sometimes felt imperiled by its own military possibilities or by the environmental backlash of technological blunders and over-population.
Wunschgebete unter dem Bodhibaum
His was a philosophy informed by the lifeways of Asia, intended to be shared with those people whom modern life had afforded some leisure time they might devote to contemplation, self-development, sensuality, enjoyment of nature, and fun. He was aware of his own inordinate proclivities and follies. Yet Watts was a man who felt that there was no reason that life shouldn't be lived with gusto. He loved good food, good literature, fine wines and tobaccos, beautiful scenery and women. Intelligent people seemed to strike him as one of the beauties that life offered; unintelligent people bored him.
His mature philosophy abounds in reflections of these facts. Though he personally knew many brilliant individuals, he directed most of his writings to the growing number of reasonably intelligent and moderately educated people maturing in America and elsewhere. The book documents his relationships with W. Auden, Christopher Isherwood, e. Love Poems, Crossing Press , received wide critical acclaim. Norse has produced 12 books of poetry and 3 of prose. James Laughlin, ; New World Writing 13, ed.
Hildegarde Flanner, ; Poems from Italy, translations, ed. Lawrence Ferlinghetti - Abb. After the war, he got a master's degree from Columbia University and a doctorate from the Sorbonne. While studying in Paris, he met Kenneth Rexroth, who later persuaded him to go to San Francisco to experience the growing literary scene there.
Between and he taught French, wrote literary criticism, and painted. In , Ferlinghetti and Peter D. Martin started a bookshop, which they named City Lights after a film magazine Martin had started. Two years later, after Martin had left for New York, Ferlinghetti started the publishing house, specialising in poetry. The most famous publication was Howl, the poem by Allen Ginsberg, which was initially impounded by the authorities, and subject of a groundbreaking legal case.
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