The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers)


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This creates a self-sustaining mixed formation of armour, infantry, artillery, engineers and support units, typically to 1, soldiers commanded by a lieutenant colonel.

The table below demonstrates how three or four battlegroups make up a brigade and three or four brigades make up a division. A division is currently the largest unit the British Army is capable of deploying independently, although it could be grouped with three or four other divisions from a multi-national coalition to form a corps.

The Special Reconnaissance Regiment SRR , formed in , performs close reconnaissance and special surveillance tasks. The British Army historically included many units from what are now separate Commonwealth realms. Colonial Militias defended colonies single-handedly at first against Indigenous peoples and European competitors.

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Once the standing English Army, later the British Army, came into existence, the colonial Militias fought side-by-side with it in a number of wars, including the Seven Years' War. Some of the colonial Militias rebelled during the American War of Independence. Militia fought alongside the regular British Army and Native allies in defending British North America from their former countrymen during the American War of With the growth of the Empire around the world, Non-European i.

The West India Regiments were an exception, as they were fully incorporated into the British Army, but were kept outside of Europe and non-whites were denied commissions.

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Locally raised units in strategically-located colonies including Bermuda, Gibraltar, Malta and the Channel Islands were generally more fully integrated into the British Army as evident from their appearances in British Army Lists, unlike units such as King's African Rifles. While remaining within the British Empire, this placed their governments on a par with the British Government, and hence their military units comprised separate armies e.

From the s, these Dominions and many colonies chose full independence, usually becoming Commonwealth realms as member states of the Commonwealth are known today. Units raised in self-governing and Crown colonies that are part of the British Realm remain under UK control. The UK retains responsibility for the defence of the fourteen remaining British Overseas Territories , of which four have locally raised regiments:.

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John Fitzgerald Kennedy , escorted by a Bermuda Militia Artillery officer, inspects a Bermuda Rifles guard in , four years before the units amalgamated. Although the army primarily recruits within the United Kingdom, it accepts applications from Commonwealth citizens and occasionally those from friendly nations who meet certain criteria.

British troops heading back to Afghanistan

In , it was decided to open all roles to women in ; women had not previously been permitted to join the Combat Arms. The minimum age is 16 after the end of GCSEs , although soldiers under 18 may not serve in operations. A soldier would traditionally enlist for a term of 22 years, although recently there has been a shift towards year terms with a year option. A soldier is not normally permitted to leave until they have served for at least four years, and must give 12 months' notice.

All soldiers and commissioned officers must take an oath of allegiance upon joining the Army, a process known as attestation. Those who wish to swear by God use the following words: [8]. I, [soldier's or commissioned officer's name], swear by Almighty God that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II , her heirs and successors and that I will as in duty bound honestly and faithfully defend Her Majesty, her heirs and successors in person, crown and dignity against all enemies and will observe and obey all orders of Her Majesty, her heirs and successors and of the generals and officers set over me.

Others replace the words "swear by Almighty God" with "solemnly, sincerely and truly declare and affirm". The army's official flag is the ratio Union Jack , although a non-ceremonial flag flies at the Ministry of Defence building in Whitehall and is often used at recruiting and military events and exhibitions. Ensign for general use by the Royal Logistic Corps. Ensign flown by the Royal Logistic Corps from vessels commanded by commissioned officers. Ensign of the Corps of Royal Engineers.

Each regiment and corps has distinctive insignia, such as a cap badge , beret , tactical recognition flash or stable belt. Many units also call soldiers of different ranks by different names; a NATO OR-1 private is called a guardsman in Guards regiments, a gunner in artillery units and a sapper in engineer units.

These names do not affect a soldier's pay or role. The British Army uniform has sixteen categories, ranging from ceremonial uniforms to combat dress to evening wear. Working headdress is typically a beret , whose colour indicates its wearer's type of regiment. Beret colours are: [].

British Army

In addition to working dress, the army has a number of parade uniforms for ceremonial and non-ceremonial occasions. The most-commonly-seen uniforms are No. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Army Operational structure of the British Army List of units current regiments.

The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005-06

History Timeline Recruitment. Main article: History of the British Army. Main articles: Gulf War and Operation Granby. Main article: Yugoslav Wars. Main article: War in Afghanistan —present.

The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, –06 - Michael Clarke - Google книги

Main articles: Iraq War and Operation Telic. Main article: List of equipment of the British Army. Warrior IFV. AgustaWestland Apache. Main article: Structure of the British Army. See also: Administrative structure of the field forces of the British Army.


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Detachment of the Falkland Islands Defence Force in ceremonial dress. Main article: Recruitment in the British Army. Non-ceremonial army flag; "Army", in gold letters, sometimes appears below the badge. Main articles: British Army officer rank insignia and British Army other ranks rank insignia. Further information: Uniforms of the British Army.

British Army portal. Includes approx. History of the British Standing Army. John Williams Redcoats and courtesans: the birth of the British Army — The Oxford history of the British Army. Oxford University Press. It is generally accepted that the regular standing army in Britain was officially created — in the sense of being fully accommodated within parliamentary control in , although it is, strictly speaking, only correct to refer to the British army from the Act of Union with Scotland in Archived from the original on 16 June Retrieved 5 May Archived PDF from the original on 1 May St John 1 January Brassey's UK.

Harrison and Sons. Archived PDF from the original on 8 October UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 12 March Retrieved 9 March Archived from the original on 28 January Michael 26 December Chandler, ed. National Archives. Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 17 October Firth ed. Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 5 March The first standing Army for Britain, a force of some 5, men on the English establishment, was formed at the Restoration in — Separate forces were maintained on the Scottish and Irish establishments.

War, religion and service: Huguenot soldiering, — After the Restoration there were separate English, Scottish until and Irish until military establishments, reflecting the national revenue from which a military unit was maintained. In operational and administrative matters all three combined into a single formation. From , the description 'British' army is both convenient and accurate. British Army. Archived from the original on 18 January Retrieved 12 January Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 4 April Retrieved 28 March Archived from the original on 5 August The London Gazette.

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Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 21 March Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original PDF on 27 February Archived from the original on 13 May Archived from the original on 21 September Retrieved 10 March Ministry of Defence MoD. Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 7 November Archived from the original on 25 July Archived from the original on 26 October Retrieved 26 October Archived from the original on 7 February Retrieved 4 January Retrieved 22 October Archived PDF from the original on 18 March Archived PDF from the original on 5 March Retrieved 1 May Archived from the original on 21 April Archived from the original on 26 May Retrieved 28 May December Archived PDF from the original on 11 February April The Great Powers and Global Struggle, — United States: University Press of Kentucky.

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The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers) The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers)
The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers) The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers)
The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers) The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers)
The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers) The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers)
The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers) The Afghan Papers: Committing Britain to War in Helmand, 2005–06 (Whitehall Papers)

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